The Frazar Family Collection (1767-1922)
Scope and Content: The collection consists primarily of correspondence and legal documents written to various members of the Frazar family. Much of the correspondence deals with matters concerning their jobs within the Union army. There are also more personal letters of correspondence, including an 1861 letter to Amerst Alden Frazar from his brother-in-law, William A. Stearns, President of Amherst College. The legal documents concern their travels throughout the world and governmental appointments. Of special note is the c. 1801 guide map of Nagasaki, Japan by the artist Chikujenken. This wood-block map was made for visitors who took them home a souvenirs. The Dutch trading station can be seen on the fan-like island, Dejima.
Samuel Alden Frazar (1766-1838) was the son of Thomas Frazar and Rebecca Alden. He was one of the most prominent citizens of Duxbury in his day as both a shipbuilder and Justice of the Peace. In 1791 he married Abigail Drew. They had ten children: Thomas, who died at 1 year, John, who married Betsy Drew, Abigail, who married Nathaniel Weston, Mercy C., who never married, Samuel A., who married Maria Winsor, George, who married Ann Little, Amherst Alden, who married Sarah Drew Bradford, Rebecca Alden, who married the Rev. William A. Stearns, Sarah D. who married Mr. Mansfield, and Thomas, who married Frances Bradford.
Amherst Alden Frazar (1804-1876) was the son of Samuel A. Frazer and Abigail Drew. He was a prominent Boston merchant engaged in the Far East trade. His wife, Sarah Drew Bradford, was the daughter of Capt. Daniel Bradford and Sarah Drew. Amherst and Sarah had three children: Corrina, Lauretta and Douglas.
Douglas Frazar was born on August 19, 1836 to Amherst Alden Frazar and Sarah Drew Bradford. He was educated in Duxbury and then Dixwell’s in Boston. He also studied in Paris, France. At age 18 he went to sea aboard the steamship “Atlantic” traveling between Boston and Liverpool. On his second voyage he traveled to San Francisco, Shanghai and then London, circumnavigating the globe. In 1858 he became the captain of the barque “Maryland” which went to China to open a trading house in Shanghai – Frazar & Co. It was operated for many years by Everett Frazar (son of George Frazar and Ann Little).
At the outbreak of the Civil War Douglas Frazar returned to the United States and became Major of the 13th New York Calvary. He was later a Colonel of a South Carolina black regiment. At the end of the war he was brevetted Brigadier General. After the war, Douglas worked for the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.
In 1871 he married Emily May Durrell and they settled in Somerville, Massachusetts where he continued in various business ventures and was active in civic affairs. Douglas Frazar died in 1896. The couple had two children, Amherst Durrell Frazar (b. 1873) and Gerard Frazar (b. 1878).
Organization: The collection is separated into three series:
Series I – Correspondence (1843-1922)
Series II –Legal Documents (1771-1894)
Series III – Miscellaneous (1767)
Series I – Correspondence (1843-1922); 14 items.
- Folder 1- Correspondence (1843-1870)
- Secretary of War to U.S. Senator Henry Wilson; Feb. 4, 1843.
- Stearns to A.A. Frazar; Sept. 3, 1861.
- Note from Oliver Eldridge; Feb. 6, 1863.
- Eclectic Association secretary A.G. Montgomery to Major Douglas Frazar; Nov. 12, 1863.
- Secretary of Union Club to Major Douglas Frazar; Dec. 15, 1863.
- Josiah Quincy to Governor of New York Reuben Fenton; Dec. 5, 1864.
- U.S. Senator Charles Summer to Governor of New York Reuben Fenton; Dec. 15, 1864.
- Assistant Secretary of War to Major Douglas Frazar; Jan. 27, 1865.
- Governor of Massachusetts John A. Andrew to Governor of New York Reuben Fenton; July 7, 1865.
- O.B. Wilcox to General Douglas Frazar; Apr. 3, 1868.
- Assistant Commissioner of Virginia for Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands to General Douglas Frazar; Sept. 9, 1868.
- Mosby to Frazar; Dec. 9, 1886.
- A.A. Frazar to Brother Thomas; May 16, 1870.
- Folder 2- Correspondence (1922)
- Estelle Tyler Warner to George Frazar; June 14, 1922.
Series II – Legal Documents (1771-1894); 12 items
- Folder 1- Military (1865-1894); 4 items
- Orders for Colonel Douglas Frazar; Sept. 24, 1865.
- Complaint filed at Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; Aug. 8, 1868.
- Honorable Discharge of Douglas Frazar; Apr. 22, 1873.
- Military Record of Douglas Frazar; Jan. 6, 1894.
- Folder 2- Business (1771-1868)
- Charter Party of Affreightment; 1771.
- Notice of new business office of Frazar & Co.; Apr. 1, 1859.
- Clearance of Morning Star for Shanghai, c. 1860
- Folder 3- Travel (1854-1857)
- Certificate of American citizenship for Douglas Frazar; June 23, 1854.
- Passport from the U.S. to travel to France; Aug. 14, 1857.
- Passport issued to Douglas Frazar in China, 1860
- Folder 4- Government Appointment (1816-1887)
- Samuel A. Frazar appointed Plymouth county judge; Aug. 29, 1816.
- Samuel A. Frazar appointed Plymouth county judge; Apr. 20, 1837.
- Douglas Frazar appointed Massachusetts judge; March 23, 1887.
Series III – Miscellaneous (1767); 2 items.
- Family tree by Thomas Frazar; 1767.
- Map of Nagasaki, Japan by artist Chikujuken, c. 1801.